Phoenix, AZ


Hotels and Motels in
For more information and a complete list. Click Here. (Hotel Rates, availability, reviews and reservation online)

Location /Description

Phoenix,Az the capital of Arizona, is located on the upper edge of the Sonoran Desert. It is situated in the south-central portion of the state at the intersection of Interstates 17 and 10. Phoenix is an agricultural, industrial and service center. It is surrounded by 22 other cities in the Valley of the Sun where western style homes and sprawling shopping malls abound. Downtown Phoenix has been revitalized with the new Cityscape complex.

Phoenix Arizona

Population / Elevation

  • 1,810,420
  • 1,117 feet above sea level

Weather / Climate

Phoenix, Arizona - Monthly Climate Normals
   Year  Jan.  Feb.  Mar  Apr.  May  Jun.  Jul.  Aug.  Sep  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.
 High °F   85  65 70 74 83 92 102 105 102 98 88 74 66
 Low °F   57  39 42 47 53 61 71 79 77 71 59 47 40
 Average °F   61  52 56 60 68 76 86 92 89 84 73 61 53

Click for Phoenix, Arizona Forecast


The first people to settle and farm in the Phoenix area were the Hohokam Native Americans who arrived around 300 AD. They built 135 miles of waterways which fed their crops and villages from the water of the Salt River. It is still a mystery why these ancient people vanished, but the accepted theory is their settlement was destroyed by a long drought.

It wasn't until the 1800s that modern history began to rebuild from these prehistoric ashes. In 1867, a farmer by the name of Jack Swilling of Wickenburg discovered the conditions of Phoenix to be quite suitable for farming. He established an irrigation canal company and began digging canals.

Phoenix ArizonaNot long after water began flowing into the region, a growing number of settlers arrived to establish permanent homesteads. A resident by the name of Darrell Duppa suggested that they name the town "Phoenix" after the Phoenix Bird of Egyptian legend -- a bird that was burned in its nest and from the ashes a new and more beautiful bird arose. Druppa and other settlers felt that the town would rise from the ashes of the ancient cultures who had occupied the land so long before and grow into a new and more beautiful city.

In 1874 a patent for the site of Phoenix was issued by Ulysses S. Grant and the city was officially incorporated on Feb. 15, 1881. Phoenix was surveyed and lots were established within the 96 blocks of the townsite.

Phoenix remained a small farming community until the 1930s when tourism began to flourish due to the warm climate and healthy environment. The population grew in rapidly, making Phoenix the 7th largest city in the U.S. today.

Things To Do

Take private golf training with award-winning PGA & LPGA professionals at Arizona Golf Schools including Wild Horse Pass, Prescott, Goodyear, and Sedona

Events Calendar

January: Annual Sports, Vacation & RV Show
February: Annual Native American Hoop Dance Championship
March: Annual Gem & Mineral Show
April: Heritage Square Farmers Market
May: Cinco de Mayo Celebrations valleywide
June: Annual Grand Canyon State Summer Games
July: Fabulous Phoenix Fourth
August: Annual Family Cornfest
September: Harvest Festival
October: Original Coors Rodeo Showdown
Fesival of Lights (Noche de las luminarias)


  • Walking & Hiking - Camelback Mountain, Papago Park, South Mountain Park, Squaw Peak
  • Mountain Biking - Camelback Mountain, Papago Park, South Mountain Park, Squaw Peak
  • Horseback Riding - Camelback Mountain, Papago Park, South Mountain Park, Squaw Peak
  • Fishing - Encanto Park, Papago Park, Salt River
  • Golf - Contact Phoenix Chamber of Commerce for more information
  • Tennis - Contact Phoenix Chamber of Commerce for more information
  • Swimming - Contact Phoenix Chamber of Commerce for more information
  • Shopping - Contact Phoenix Chamber of Commerce for more information


There are hotels and motels in Phoenix, with something for every taste and price range. For more information and a complete list. Click Here. (Hotel Rates, availability, reviews and reservation online)

Camping & RV Parks

  • Arizona State Parks: 520-542-4174
  • Arizona National Forests: 800-280-CAMP

Resources & Nearby Attractions


Cities & Towns

Parks & Monuments

Wilderness & Recreation Areas

  • Phoenix Mountain Reserve: Northeast of the city.
  • Carefree/Cave Creek: 25 miles north.
  • Tonto National Forest: Adjoins the city.

Historic & Points of Interest

  • The Arboretum at Arizona State University: 10 miles east (Tempe).
  • Arizona Mining & Mineral Museum: 602-255-3791.
  • Arizona Science Center: 602-716-2000.
  • Arizona State Capitol Museum: 602-542-4675.
  • Deer Valley Rock Art Center: 1,500 prehistoric petroglyphs. 602-582-8007.
  • Desert Botanical Garden: 20,000 desert plants on display. 602-941-1225.
  • Heard Museum: Native American Culture and Art. 602-252-8848.
  • Hall of Flame Museum of Fire Fighting: Largest collection of fire fighting equipment in the world. 602-275-3473.
  • Heritage Square: A city block containing restored homes and museums dating from the late 1800s. 602-262-5029.
  • Phoenix Art Museum: 602-257-1222.
  • Phoenix Museum of History: 602-253-2734.
  • Phoenix Zoo: More than 1,300 animals. 602-273-7771.
  • Pioneer Arizona Living History Museum: Recreated southwestern settlement. 602-993-0212.
  • Pueblo Grande Museum & Cultural Park: Archeological Site and Exhibits.602-495-0500.
  • Wrigley Mansion: Completed in 1931 for the wife of chewing gum millionaire William Wrigley Jr, now operates as a private club with public tours.
  • Boyce Thompson Southwest Arboretum: 62 miles east.


 The North American Deserts
 Chihuahuan Desert
Great Basin Desert
 Mojave Desert
 Sonoran Desert
 Glossary of Desert & Geological Term



Other DesertUSA Resources
Gem Trails Guides Book
Related Books & Gifts - Trading Post
Desert Rocks, Minerals & Geology Index
Desert Survival Primer
Desert Survival Kit

DesertUSA is a comprehensive resource about the North American deserts and Southwest destinations. Learn about desert biomes while you discover how desert plants and animals learn to adapt to the harsh desert environment. Study desert landscapes and how the geologic features unique to the desert regions are formed. Find travel information about national parks, state parks, BLM land, and Southwest cities and towns located in or near the desert regions of the United States. Access maps and information about the Sonoran Desert, Mojave Desert, Great Basin Desert, and Chihuahuan Desert, which lie in the geographic regions of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, and Utah in the United States and into Mexico.

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Canyon de Chelly National Monument
Canyon de Chelly NM offers the opportunity to learn about Southwestern Indian history from the earliest Anasazi to the Navajo Indians who live and farm here today. Its primary attractions are ruins of Indian villages built between 350 and 1300 AD at the base of sheer red cliffs and in canyon wall caves.

Glen Canyon Dam

Held behind the Bureau of Reclamation's Glen Canyon Dam, waters of the Colorado River and tributaries are backed up almost 186 miles, forming Lake Powell. The dam was completed in 1963. Take a look at this tremendous feat of engineering - the Glen Canyon Dam.

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Due to the shale deposits which slope gently to the river here, Lees Ferry was the only place to cross the Colorado River for 260 miles until the Navajo Bridge was built across Marble Canyon in 1927. Join DesertUSA as we explore this historic site.

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park
The movie Stagecoach, in 1939 introduced two stars to the American public, John Wayne, and Monument Valley. Visiting Monument Valley gives you a spiritual and uplifting experience that few places on earth can duplicate. Take a look at this spectacular scenery in this DesertUSA video.

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We have a online Wildflower Field Guide that is designed to help you identify desert wildflowers by color, scientific name, region and common name. The pictures are sized to work on the iPod, iPhone and similar devices. With your iPod or phone you will easily be able to identify wildflowers while in the desert. Links for downloads are on the bottom of the Wildflower Field Guide page.

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