I am extremely hesitant to address this subject again, for several reasons, but when I see these types of inaccuracies being perpetuated it's hard to remain silent. I don't care to pick a bone with anyone, but research time for most of us is limited, and if I can save anybody some time, perhaps it will be worth it.
Yes, Emil Thoma (or Thomas) and Julia (last name debatable, but several if not most researchers have settled on Korn or Corn) were married in Texas. But it was in Mitchell County in December 1883 (not in 1887 as stated above). I’m not sure why Mr Roberts is confused about this, because the marriage certificate has been found and has been in circulation for quite some time.
And yes, Emil Thomas and Alex Steinegger were brothers-in-law, due to Steinegger’s marriage to Emil Thomas’ sister, as stated.
I cannot address whether Emil was a meat cutter or butcher by trade when he and Julia arrived in Phoenix in 1884. As far back as the 1880 US Federal Census, Emil listed his trade as Baker , and that is all I have to go on. I guess it's possible Emil branched out a little between 1880 and 1884, and may have butchered a steer or two in his time, but frankly I haven't spent any time on it.
Soon after arriving in Phoenix, Emil and Julia needed to get their feet on the ground, and Julia started a little business of her own, named the "Phoenix Coffee Stand and Ice Cream Saloon", located at the Walbridge Building on the north side of Washington Street in Block 21 (between Center and Montezuma). It's not exactly clear what her husband Emil was doing, but he was known to dabble in real estate from time to time, so he may have been checking into that line of work, or he may have simply been helping out Julia with her coffee stand and ice cream saloon business.
While Julia was running her coffee stand, Emil Ganz (a local businessman and also mayor of Phoenix) was leasing the Alex Steinegger store located on Washington Street one block east in Block 20. Alex Steinegger seemed to be thorough in executing leases associated with his store, and this first lease to Emil Ganz was no different. It can be found in the Maricopa County Records, Lease Book 1 Page 1.http://recorder.maricopa.gov/recdocdata/
The Steinegger lease to Emil Ganz was for two years beginning in March 1882, with an eight-year option through March 1892. Ganz was into his second option year on Steinegger's store when, on 9 June 1885, he relinquished his lease so that Steinegger and Emil & Julia Thomas could open a confectionary store in that location that would come to be called the "Vienna Bakery".
Two months later, on 5 August 1885, the Arizona Daily Gazette newspaper announced that Steinegger and the Thomases would open their new ice cream saloon sometime the following week, stating that they intended to combine their business - confectionery, ice cream, and a coffee stand - while substituting oysters for the ice cream in the proper season. The store was finally open for business on 16 August 1885.
The business went along fine for awhile, with ads appearing regularly in the local newspapers along with occasional mentions of how well the business was doing. The articles on a whole made clear that both Thomas and Steinegger were actively involved in running the store.
About eight months after opening the store, on 17 April 1886, it was announced in the Arizona Daily Gazette that Thomas and Steinegger had ordered a soda fountain from Tuft & Company (Boston) for one thousand dollars ($1000), and that it would be delivered in a few days. This is apparently the same fountain that figures so prominently in the LDM legend, although as can be seen, the cost is much lower than some have surmised (or even averred).
But even though the Thomas-Steinegger business partnership appeared to be doing well, it was not to last. On 13 February 1887, less than a year after purchasing the soda fountain, it was announced that the entire stock of the Thomas-Steinegger business would be sold at auction on the following Saturday, and two weeks later, on 1 March 1887, Steinegger and Thomas announced the full dissolution of their business partnership (Arizona Daily Gazette). The dissolution notice stated that Emil Thomas was leaving the partnership and that Alex Steinegger was continuing the business. The Arctic Soda Fountain went with Julia and Emil.
One month later, on 3 April 1887, Emil Thomas leased another store in the same block (Block 20), formerly leased by Shanssey and Yancy, and began fitting it up as a confectionery and ice cream parlor, which placed him and Julia in direct competition with Alex Steinegger.
Emil Thomas' new store, called the "EW Thomas Ice Cream Parlors" was open within the month, with newspaper ads appearing regularly thereafter. That is why anybody searching the city directories or local newspapers will see ads for the EW Thomas Ice Cream Parlors alongside ads for the Vienna Bakery (the former Thomas-Steinegger business now being run solely by Alex Steinegger).
So you see folks, Julia was never "evicted" by Alex Steinegger, because she and Emil had left that partnership (and that location) together and of their own accord long before Emil ever left town (not to mention long before Julia and Emil got divorced). They had started up a different store and were in direct competition with Steinegger (obviating the often-told story of Steinegger supplying the Thomas store, or of Waltz supplying the Thomas store through Steinegger. Those variations to the tale are a whole different ball of wax which can be addressed later if this thread survives).
I have never seen a lease agreement between the Thomases and Steinegger, and frankly I doubt one ever existed. As stated above, Steinegger seemed meticulous about executing leases associated with his store, beginning with the very first lease to Emil Ganz. Later on, after Steinegger closed down his sole proprietorship Vienna Bakery business, he leased the store to EH Winters who turned it into an extension of the famous "Bee Hive" millinery store (see Lease Book 2 Page 113). After Winters, Steinegger leased the store to John Baggiore and Prosper Bardone, who turned it into a liquor store (see Lease Book 2 Page 615). In each case, the lease was duly executed and filed with the Maricopa County Recorder. But there is no such lease to Julia and Emil Thomas, and I believe the explanation for that is fairly obvious. Since Steinegger was a full partner in business with the Thomases, there was no need for a lease. After all, he was the owner of the building - hence, no lease was necessary, unless he wanted to lease his own building to himself!
I can already hear the argument, so let me get out ahead of it.
Steinegger was a full-time partner in the Vienna Bakery business with the Thomases. He was not a silent partner, nor was he merely leasing space to the Thomases to run their own business. An argument to the contrary is a fallacy and always has been. A simple reading of the newspapers of the day show that Steinegger was actively involved both in the partnership and in running the store. I sincerely hope we can put this part of the false history to rest, and I am more than happy to provide references for the above statements, including copies of the various newspaper articles showing that Steinegger was not only a proprietor, but also actively involved in running the store. All I ask is to see proof of any counterclaims of a “lease” between Steinegger and the Thomases, without having to endure a snit fit because I asked for a reference. And yes, I will settle for copies of a personal diary or “family papers”, as long as their provenance can be proven.
But to finish up the story.
In September 1889, well over two years after opening their new store (and over two years in direct competition with Alex Steinegger), Emil Thomas took on a new partner named Otto Barg, but this partnership only lasted a couple of months. One result of this short-lived partnership was that Emil's business was renamed to the "Phoenix Restaurant". The naming of the business, the partnership with Otto Barg, and the dissolution of the partnership with Otto Barg all appeared in the Arizona Daily Gazette.
I won't rehash the entire story leading up to the Thomas divorce, except to say that Emil abandoned Julia in March 1890 while the "Phoenix Restaurant" was still in business, and Julia was left to run the store by herself (although apparently with some help from Rhiney Petrasch). This is where her previous business experience (being the sole proprietor of the “Phoenix Coffee Stand” when she and Emil first arrived in Phoenix) came in so handy.
Julia eventually filed for divorce from Emil in August 1891, but by that time (after a year and a half of running the store by herself) she had significantly grown the “Phoenix Restaurant” business. In fact, her business had grown so much that she needed additional space, and ended up leasing the westernmost store in the Capitol Building located in Block 21 on the north side of Washington Street. Julia's lease of this store is found in Lease Book 2 Page 132, and several newspaper accounts clearly show that this is the store she moved into, even naming the stores located immediately adjacent to her new location.
Think about what I just wrote in the previous paragraph. Julia leased and moved into a store in the Capitol Building, located on the north side of Washington Street. This is backed up by a lease agreement on file with the Maricopa County Recorder and newspaper articles describing the exact location she moved into. These news articles specifically stated that her confectionery store was moved to that location - not on the south side of Washington as Mr Roberts is trying to sell.
The store Julia moved into was owned by a prominent local dentist, Lofus Goodrich, and leased to the proprietor of the next-door Capitol Saloon, a man by the name of Ben Butler (Lease Book 2 Page 121). Julia subleased the store from Ben Butler (Lease Book 2 Page 132), not from Schooler and Wilson as stated by Mr Roberts.
In fact, Julia did not lease any building or store from Schooler and Wilson as stated by Roberts. Instead, she eventually sold her business to Schooler and Wilson, as announced in the 10 July 1892 Arizona Daily Gazette.
I cannot answer why Sims Ely got it wrong, or why Mr Roberts has decided to resurrect or perpetuate the myth, but there is absolutely no doubt where Julia relocated and ran her business.
Mr Roberts is also in error about who owned which buildings. As mentioned above, the Capitol Building (north side of Washington, where Julia actually relocated) was owned by Lofus Goodrich.
The store across the street, mistakenly identified by Sims Ely and others as the new location of Julia's store, was owned by George Loring (not Mr Phillips, another lessee who was in direct competition with Julia).
I'd really rather not go over all that evidence again (I’ve done it twice before already), but if anyone is interested in dates, page numbers, and other details of the deeds, leases and the newspaper descriptions of the various store's locations, they can all be found on the Feldman Forum, in the Julia Thomas Business Location 1891 thread, which had to be reconstituted after the original thread on the defunct forum was first shifted, then deleted, then nearly lost when the web site was perfunctorily taken down.
There are other discrepancies in Mr Roberts' post (for example, every single one of the given street addresses are in error) but I think there is enough in this post to chew on already, so I'll forego all of that at this point. Suffice it to say that Sims Ely had it wrong then, and Mr Roberts has it wrong now. It is not clear to me why anyone would continue to try to sell this bill of goods - although I suspect it is an attempt to resurrect the story of Waltz dying in Julia’s store (another fallacy), including the involvement of Frank Alkire (an honorable man of a noble pioneer family who deserves better).
The above information is posted in the hope that folks are not led down the same dead ends that many of us have already traveled, resulting in the loss of precious research time better spent elsewhere. It’s up to the reader to decide whether to use valid county records and newspaper accounts of the day, or whether to place their trust elsewhere.
Personally, I can forgive Ely’s honest mistake.
P.S. And in case anyone was wondering, the Arctic Soda Fountain stayed with Julia when Emil abandoned her. She was assessed for the soda fountain in the 1892 tax year in Maricopa County, when the fountain was valued at $700 (apparently depreciating 5 percent per year from time of purchase).
The part of the tale concerning Waltz helping Julia to pay her bills, including any balance due on the soda fountain, still appears possible, but think about everything stated above, including the purchase price and date for the fountain, if you decide to travel down that line. I think you’ll come to some interesting conclusions.