Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts at higher elevations from southeastern California, to western Texas and south to northern Mexico.
Dry, rocky desert slopes.
Yellow flowers composed of 6 petals, bloom June through August. Flowers grow in clusters and face upward at the end of horizontal branches, appearing only near the top of the stalk
This unique native plant has a tall, thin stalk from 10 to 14 feet high that grows from a thick basal rosette of gray-green leaves. The leaves are 10 to 18 inches long with long, sharp, terminal spines and shorter spines along the edges. The stalk can be up to 4 inches in diameter.
Members of the Amaryllis Family, century plants take many years to flower, although not a century. The Century Plant provided Native Americans with a source of soap, food, fiber, medicine and weapons.
Agavi americana, can grow up to 40 feet high with much longer leaves and larger stalk. This American Century Plant is sometimes grown in southern California as an ornamental. It is used commercially in Mexico as a source to produce the liquors tequila, pulque and mescal.