Prehistoric People of the Desert Southwest
900 A.D. -- 1450 A.D.
The Salado are believed to have been a group of wayfaring Anasazi who experienced moderate Mogollon influence and migrated into the Tonto Basin/Roosevelt Lake/Globe, Arizona region about 900 AD.
The Salado lived comfortably here for several centuries prospering because of their artistic skills with ceramics and the weaving of cotton fabrics. Their black-and-white-on-red polychrome pottery became the hallmark of their culture.
For some reason, the Salado began migrating south around 1200 AD. After a brief sojourn with the Hohokam, to whom they brought pueblo architecture, pottery and burial styles, they dispersed into southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, then disappeared from the historic record altogether.
Salado Archeological Sites
Tonto National Monument, AZ Well-preserved cliff dwellings were occupied by the Salado culture between 1150 and 1450 AD. The people farmed in the Salt River Valley and supplemented their diet by hunting and gathering native wildlife and plants. The Salado were fine craftsmen, producing some of the most exquisite polychrome pottery and intricately woven textiles to be found in the Southwest. Many of these objects are on display in the Visitor Center museum.
Besh Be Gowah Archeological Park, AZ
-- A.R Royo
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