Yuma Crossing State Historic Park, AZ
Yuma Crossing State Historic Park commemorates 5 centuries of history in its museum and along its winding pathways through 9 acres past 6 restored and 6 replicated buildings. The park is a salute to historic modes of transportation and is recognized as a key location in the cultural and educational development of western history by the National Endowment for the Arts.
Rates & Fees
- Entrance fees apply. Please call park for current fee information
Seasons / Hours
- The park is open year round, but closed Christmas Day.
- Visitor Center is open 10 am to 5 pm MST daily.
The Visitor Center, in the museum, contains drinking water, modern, handicapped-accessible restrooms.
Location & Setting
Yuma Crossing State Historic Park is situated on 9 acres along the Colorado River in Yuma, Arizona. It is located at the Fourth Avenue exit south from Interstate 8. After crossing the Colorado River, the entrance to the park is on the east side of Fourth Avenue.
Climate & Weather
The park is located in the heart of the Sonoran Desert at an elevation of 140 feet. Yuma is one of the warmest and the sunniest cities in the US. It has a classic low desert climate with extremely low relative humidity and very high summer temperatures. Average summer highs exceed 100 degrees F for 4 months; winter average maximum temperatures are in the 60s and 70s. Yuma receives less than 4 inches of precipitation annually.
Yuma Crossing State Historic Park sits on the trade route used by the Paytans, a prehistoric people living in the Western portion of Arizona. It wasn't until the Spanish arrived in the area and tried to claim this important river crossing, that the ongoing battle began for control of the Crossing. During the 1770s, Juan Bautista de Anza and Padre Francisco Garces made several expeditions crossing the Colorado with the help of local Indians. In 1781, the Quechans rebelled against the Spanish intruders, killing many and then ultimately controlling the Crossing for nearly 70 years.
With the discovery of gold in California in 1848, gold-seekers began crossing the Gila River on Quechan lands. The peaceful Quechans soon learned they could be paid to carry goods across the Colorado on rafts and to swim travelers' animals across. The Quechans established a commercial ferry operation, which competed with a ferry business run by John Glanton, a local gang leader, After Santiago, the local Quechan chief, was severely beaten by Glanton, the Quechans invaded his cabin and the ferry crossing area, killing him and most of his gang.
Outraged, the new California government formed a renegade force of 142 men paying them $6 a day to avenge the death of the ferrymen. This "Gila Expedition" failed miserably and a prolonged Quechan siege of their makeshift fort cost the state of California $113,000, almost bankrupting it.
In 1850, US Army troops reached the Colorado River to build an army post at the river crossing and set up "Fort Yuma" on the western, California, banks. Wagon trains tried to bring barley and other food to the Fort from San Diego and then later by schooners around the Baja point. All were unsuccessful. A big steamer called the Invincible tried to sail with cargo upriver but got stranded. Camp Yuma was abandoned on June 6, 1851. A small force was left to defend the ferry area and the camp was called "Camp Independence."
Yuma Crossing State Historic Park is the site of the Yuma Quartermaster Depot, used by the US Army to store and distribute supplies for all the military posts in Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and Texas. A 6-month supply of clothing, food, ammunition and other goods was kept at the depot at all times. The supplies were brought from California by ocean vessels traveling around the Baja Peninsula to Port Isabel, near the mouth of the Colorado River. There, cargos were transferred to river steamers and brought upstream to Yuma.
The supplies were unloaded near the stone reservoir just west of the commanding officer's quarters and hauled up on a track running from the river dock through the center of the storehouse. They were shipped north on river steamers or overland by mule-drawn freight wagons. The depot quartered up to 900 mules and a crew of teamsters to handle them.
The Southern Pacific Railroad reached Yuma in 1877, and Tucson in 1880. After the Depot's pumps, steam engines and equipment were removed to Fort Lowell near Tucson, The Yuma Quartermaster Supply Depot was terminated in 1883.
The Signal Corps established a telegraph and weather station at the Depot in 1875. They remained until 1891 and were succeeded by the US Weather Service, which was established as a separate agency and operated at the depot site until 1949.
The commanding officer's quarters were acquired by the US Customs Service about 1908, and were the home of four families until 1955. The Bureau of Reclamation, the Boundary Commission, the Yuma County Water Users Association, and the Assistance League of Yuma have also utilized portions of the old depot during the 20th century.
The Yuma Crossing State Historic Park Grand Re-Opening occurred September 27 and 28, 1997.
- Hike the 90-acre area bordering the Colorado River.
- Tour the Transportation Museum featuring many examples of pre-1930 era transportation. Model T's, trucks, trains, stagecoaches, buckboards, covered wagons, and carriages.
- Stage and amphitheater provide entertainment and workshops.
There are hotels and motels in Yuma, with something for every taste and price range. For more information and a complete list. Click Here. (Rates, availability and reservation online)
Camping & RV ParksThere are numerous camping and RV accommodations in and around Yuma. For more information, contact:
- Yuma Convention and Visitors Bureau
377 S. Main Street, Yuma, Arizona 85364
928-782-0071 - email: email@example.com
- Arizona State Parks 602-542-4174
- Arizona National Forests 800-280-CAMP
- Yuma Convention and Visitors Bureau
Cities & Towns
- Yuma, Arizona
- El Centro, California: 41 miles west.
- Borrego Springs, California: 115 miles northwest.
- San Diego, California: 158 miles west.
- Gila Bend, Arizona: 114 miles east.
- Phoenix, Arizona: 179 miles east.
- Tucson, Arizona: 237 miles east.
Parks & Monuments
- Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park: Yuma.
- Organ Pipe Cactus National Moment: 169 miles southeast.
- Anza-Borrego Desert State Park: 100 miles northwest.
Recreation & Wilderness Areas
- Kofa National Wildlife Refuge: 30 miles north.
- Imperial National Wildlife Refuge: 40 miles north.
- Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge: 60 miles southeast.
- Muggins Mountains Wilderness: 25 miles east.
- Trigo Mount. Wilderness: 25 miles east.
- Salton Sea State Recreation Area: 80 miles northwest
- Salton Sea Wildlife Refuge: 65 miles west.
- Imperial Sand Dunes: 20 miles west.
Historic & Points of Interest
SEARCH THIS SITE
View Video about The Black Widow Spider. The female black widow spider is the most venomous spider in North America, but it seldom causes death to humans, because it only injects a very small amount of poison when it bites. Click here to view video.
Despite its pussycat appearance when seen in repose, the bobcat is quite fierce and is equipped to kill animals as large as deer. However, food habit studies have shown bobcats subsist on a diet of rabbits, ground squirrels, mice, pocket gophers and wood rats. Join us as we watch this sleepy bobcat show his teeth.
The Mountain Lion, also known as the Cougar, Panther or Puma, is the most widely distributed cat in the Americas. It is unspotted -- tawny-colored above overlaid with buff below. It has a small head and small, rounded, black-tipped ears. Watch one in this video.
Click here to see current desert temperatures!