Cardinal Monkey Flower
Common name: Scarlet Monkeyflower, Cardinal Monkey Flower
Latin name: Mimulus cardinalis
Height: 10-31 inches
Description: Mimulus cardinalis is a fairly large, spreading, attractive plant which bears strongly reflexed, nectar-rich red or orange-red flowers. Occasional populations of yellow-flowered Mimulus cardinalis — which lack anthocyanin pigments in their corollas — are found in the wild.
Leaf: The leaves are toothed and downy.
Range: Short Canyon, California Floristic Province, White and Inyo Mountains, Desert Mountains (Panamint Mtns)
Habitat: Moist to wet places along streams, seepage areas
Elevation: < 2400 m
Flowering time: Apr–Oct
Notes: Mimulus cardinalis is cultivated in the horticulture trade and widely available as an ornamental plant for: traditional gardens; natural landscape, native plant, and habitat gardens; and various types of municipal, commercial, and agency sustainable landscape projects. Cultivars come in a range of colors between yellow and red, including the "Santa Cruz Island Gold" variety, originally collected from Santa Cruz Island off the coast of California.
Pollination: Its blooms and large nectar load attract hummingbirds, whose foreheads serve as the pollen transfer surface between flowers. Mimulus cardinalis, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America.
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